Do the State Inspector and Ombudsman have to Obey the Government?

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Reading Time: 4 minutes


On January 18th, 2022, Giorgi Kardava, one of the leaders of the Conservative Movement, spoke about the Public Ombudsman and the State Inspector’s Offices in Alt-Info’s program “Alternative Vision”. Kardava noted that these institutions are not subject to state regulation and, hence, represent tools in the hands of external actors, which contradicts the rule of law and is legally unacceptable.

Giorgi Kardava: “We do not have an orderly state in terms of justice. Declaratively we are told that we are a state governed by the rule of law and that we should build our state on the foundations of liberal democracy, but there is a reality where there are several not-so-key institutions in our country that disobey the state are proxies of foreign actors like Kelly Degnan. An example of this is the Ombudsman’s office, Nino Lomjaria’s Office, and such was the institution of Ms. Londa Toloraia, the State Inspector’s Office, which pursued a radically different policy, an independent policy and did not obey the government. All this was in the form of direct sabotage, which is legally unacceptable.”

The claim of Giorgi Kardava is false. The Offices of the Public Defender and the State Inspector are independent state bodies aimed at monitoring other state bodies and identifying their violations. These mandates are given to these services by the Georgian law, which further strengthens the principles of the rule of law. Not to mention, the mandate of the Public Defender is defined by the Constitution.

  • About the Public Ombudsman’s Office

The Office of the Public Defender of Georgia is a constitutional institution aimed at protecting human rights and freedoms. Its role and activities are regulated by the Constitution of Georgia and organic law. The Public Defender is not part of any branch of government and is fully independent in its activities.

Records about the Public Defender can be found in Article 35 of the Constitution, which states that the office supervises the protection of human rights and its activities cannot be interfered with:

Article 35, Constitution of Georgia: “Supervision of the protection of human rights within the territory of Georgia shall be exercised by the Public Defender of Georgia, who shall be elected for a term of 6 years by a majority of at least three fifths of the total number of the Members of Parliament. The same person shall not be elected as a Public Defender consecutively. 2. Hindering the activities of the Public Defender shall be punishable by law.”

The Public Defender supervises state authorities, local self-government bodies, public institutions, officials, etc. Accordingly, if it finds any particular violation in the civil service, it is its duty to investigate the violation, report it and demand a response, which instead of the disobedience to the state, should be perceived as an attempt to strengthen the rule of law.

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Public Defender Nino Lomjaria submits an annual report to the Parliament on the protection of human rights and freedoms.

The activities of the Public Defender are regulated by the organic law of Georgia, which also states that the body is independent. Notably, the Public Defender’s Office is obliged by law to be guided not only by the Constitution of Georgia but also by the treaties and agreements of Georgia and universally recognized principles and norms of international law. Therefore, its active cooperation with international institutions aims to strengthen human rights in the country.

Organic Law of Georgia on the Public Defender of Georgia, Article 4: “The Public Defender of Georgia shall act independently and carry out his/her activities according to the Constitution of Georgia, treaties and international agreements of Georgia, universally recognised principles and norms of international law, this Law and other legislative acts.”

  • About the State Inspector’s Service

The State Inspector’s Office was established in 2018, replacing the Personal Data Protection Inspector’s Office, retaining its functions and having the authority to investigate specific crimes.

According to the website of the State Inspector’s Office and the Law on the State Inspector, the duties of the Service, among other things, include:

  1. Checking the legality of data processing in public and private institutions;
  2. Reviewing citizens’ applications related to data protection;
  3. Controlling activities carried out at the Central Bank for covert investigative actions and electronic communications identification data;
  4. Impartial and effective investigation of the crimes defined in the first paragraph of Article 19 of the Law.

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Activities of the State Inspector’s Service

Notably, the State Inspector Service will be abolished in March 2022, although until now, its activities are still defined by the state law on the State Inspector Service.

By law, both the Public Inspector’s Office and the State Inspector’s Service are independent bodies. Their fundamental principles are objectivity and impartiality, legitimacy, protection of human rights and freedoms, independence and political neutrality, professionalism, etc.

With this in mind, if the state has shortcomings, for example, in terms of human rights protection, the Inspector’s Office has an obligation to identify these shortcomings within its mandate and call on the state to address them. Similar to the activities of the Public Defender, here too, the principle reinforces the rule of law.

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Violation: Disinformation



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