Are Ukrainian Refugees in Poland Offered Less Than the Minimum Wage?

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On August 9th, information that the Polish employment agency ‘EWC Sp. z 0. 0.’ offers employment to Ukrainian refugees for abnormally low wages was published in the Facebook group РУССКИЕ [Russians]. The post asserted that since the assistance to Ukrainian refugees has been cancelled, the following vacancies have been announced for them: Cleaner – 8 PLN per hour; Sanitation worker – 1200 PLN per month; Dishwasher (vacancy for women) – 20 PLN per shift; Cleaning public toilets – 5 PLN per hour.

At the end of the announcement, one can find the address and contact information of the employment agency EWC Sp. z 0. 0.

The disseminated information is false. The fact was denied by EWC on its official Facebook page. In addition, in Poland, the minimum wage is set by national law, and as of 2022, it estimates at 19.70 PLN per hour, including taxes, and 13.91 PLN without taxes.

The information about offering Ukrainian refugees jobs with salaries below the minimum was also disseminated in July. The company EWC Sp. z 0. 0 responded to the accusations using their Facebook page. The statement issued by the employment agency mentioned that it has never offered employment with similar rates, and the employment is carried out according to the regulations stipulated by the law. On August 9th, the company shared the mentioned statement into various employment groups.

Notably, the minimum wage in Poland is regulated by state law, and according to the 2021 decree, from January 1st, 2022, it estimates 19.70 PLN per hour, including taxes, and 13.91 PLN without taxes.

source: Sejm.gov.pl

In addition to the hourly wage, the minimum wage for full-time employment (with an employment contract) has also been set, which by 2022 will amount to 3,010 PLN including taxes, and 2,209.56 PLN without taxes.

The statement by the official website of the Polish government related to the minimum wage stresses that the regulation applies to both private and public sector employment institutions.

source: gov.pl

It should be noted that Ukrainian refugees who moved to Poland as a result of the Russian-Ukrainian war enjoy the same employment rights as Polish citizens themselves. Therefore, even if the statement disseminated on Facebook was authentic, failure to pay the minimum wage established for order fulfilment or service contracts would violate the law.

On March 26, Polish President Andrzej Duda signed an amendment to the law “On assistance to citizens of Ukraine in connection with the armed conflict on the territory of this state.” The law defines the principles of legalization of the stay of Ukrainian citizens in Poland. According to the law, Ukrainian citizens who left Ukraine as a result of Russian aggression can legally stay in Poland for 18 months and can obtain an identification number (PESEL), granting them access to the Polish labour market. Ukrainians have the opportunity to start a business on the territory of Poland and engage in business activities under the same rules and conditions as Polish citizens. In addition, Ukrainians can receive social and financial assistance and access the state healthcare system under the same rules as Polish citizens.

How has Poland Helped Ukrainian Refugees?

The post published in the Facebook group РУССКИЕ contains an additional manipulative claim that the aid to Ukrainian refugees has been suspended. It concerns the Polish aid package, which has been in effect since March 16th, 2022. According to the regulation, locals who provided housing and food to Ukrainian refugees were supported by the Polish government with 40 PLN per adult per day. The program is valid for 120 days. It was reported on various media platforms that the aid to Ukrainian refugees was suspended from July 1st. In fact, since July 1st, the assistance has been stopped only for those Ukrainian refugees who have lived in Poland for 120 days, and the allowance will continue for the rest of the refugees. Read more in the Myth Detector article:


The article has been written in the framework of Facebook’s fact-checking program. You can read more about the restrictions that Facebook may impose based on this article via this link. You can find information about appealing or editing our assessment via this link.

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Violation: Disinformation
Country: Poland, Ukraine
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