In the interview with Obieqtivi TV’s Gamis Studia program on July 2, 2018, Georgian publicist Lazare Zakariadze spoke about the World War II and Nazism, emphasizing the U.S. plans for weakening Germany and Stalin’s positive role in hampering the destruction of this country.
Lazare Zakariadze, publicist: “The United States prepared a plan of Germany’s total economic collapse and Stalin said: No. He divided the country into two parts, because he guessed that they planned to destroy it. So, he divided it into two parts, thus saving the country. Otherwise, neither would Germany exist any longer.”
Obieqtivi TV, Gamis Studia
The fate of post-war Germany was jointly decided by three allies at the Potsdam Conference. They weakened Germany’s military industry that did not involve restrictions on basic economic needs. In a post-war period, the Federal Republic of Germany controlled by the West was much more developed than the Democratic Republic of Germany that was under the USSR control. The Federal Republic of Germany received significant aid under the U.S.-initiated Marshall Plan. Germany’s eastern part still receives significant economic aid.
Fact No. 1. The fate of post-war German economy was decided by all allied powers, including the Soviet Union. The victorious allied powers agreed at the Potsdam Conference to close down only those enterprises, which could have been used for Germany’s militarization.
Following the German military leaders’ unconditional surrender, the country lay prostrate. Its economic infrastructure had largely collapsed as factories and transportation systems ceased to function. These difficulties were compounded by the presence of millions of homeless German refugees from the former eastern provinces.
During the Potsdam Conference, which decided the fate of post-war Germany, the Allied leaders (the United States, Great Britain, France and USSR) confirmed the status of a demilitarized and disarmed Germany under four zones of Allied occupation. It was also decided to weaken German army to avoid its further strengthening that was a real challenge for common security. The allied powers decided to close down only those factories, which could have been used for further militarization of the country. This decision did not involve abolition of minimum economic needs and targeted only military industrial sphere. It should be noted that the decision to weaken Germany militarily was made unanimously by France, Great Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union.
Photo: Joseph Stalin (USSR); Harry Truman (USA); Andrei Gromyko, Soviet Ambassador to the United States; U.S. Secretary of State, James Byrnes; Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.
Fact No. 2. In a post-war period, West Germany controlled by the United States, Great Britain and France had much stronger economy than East Germany that was under the Soviet control.
The western part of Germany, named the Federal Republic of Germany that fell under the control of France, Great Britain and the United States, was much stronger economically in a post-war period than the Democratic Republic of Germany controlled by the Soviet Union. After the Soviet government constructed the Berlin Wall in 1961, thousands of people tried to move from eastern part of Berlin to its western part.
Noteworthy that when the Soviets failed to deliver the requisite food to East Germany, the Western Allies found themselves forced to feed the German population in their zones at the expense of their own taxpayers. The Americans and British therefore came to favor a revival of German industry so as to enable the Germans to feed themselves, a step the Soviets opposed.
The European Recovery Program was developed at the meeting of participating European countries. The USSR neglected the invitation to attend the meeting, saying the plan was risky.
Within four years after 1947, the United States allocated USD 13 billion on recovery of Europe, including West Germany.
Inscription: “The Marshall Plan helps you here”
West Germany received almost 11% of the Marshall Plan from the United States. Due to the USSR’s refusal, East Germany failed to enjoy the benefits of the Marshall Plan. Therefore, the Democratic Republic of Germany significantly fell behind West Germany in development.
East Germans still continue to receive economic assistance.
Prepared by Irakli Iagorashvili
Myth Detector Laboratory